Intellectual Impairment

Mental Health Counseling located in Peoria and Phoenix, AZ
Intellectual Impairment

Intellectual Impairment services offered in Peoria and Phoenix, AZ


Cognitive impairment can happen during childhood because of genetics or in older adulthood due to dementia. The dedicated team at Desert View Counseling & Consulting in Phoenix and Peoria, Arizona, can diagnose and treat intellectual impairment in patients aged 14 and older. Schedule an in-person or telehealth evaluation by calling the office or booking an appointment online today.

Intellectual Impairment Q & A

What is intellectual impairment?

Intellectual impairment, also called cognitive impairment, is a disability that limits intelligence and sometimes the ability to effectively complete activities of daily living. Signs of this condition may develop during childhood, after a brain injury, or in older adulthood due to cognitive decline. 

Cognitive impairment criteria involves more than simply a low IQ test. Some people with intellectual impairment have mild cases and can live independent, fulfilling lives. However, severe intellectual impairment may require lifelong assistance. 

Seek help from Desert View Counseling & Consulting if you or a loved one experiences impairment to minimize symptoms and thrive. 

Who is at risk of intellectual impairment?

Intellectual disability affects about 1-3% of children worldwide and is more common in males. Other risk factors include:

  • Genetic mutations
  • Family history of intellectual impairment
  • Fragile X syndrome
  • Down syndrome
  • Prader-Willi syndrome
  • Infections during fetal development 
  • Alcohol, radiation exposure, some medications, or tobacco use during pregnancy
  • Some medical conditions, such as hypothyroidism, during pregnancy
  • Premature birth
  • Brain injury
  • Toxin exposure
  • Brain tumors
  • Seizures
  • Epilepsy 
  • Lack of oxygen during birth
  • Autism spectrum disorder

Exposure to high amounts of lead, mercury, or other heavy metals can damage the brain and increase the risk of intellectual impairment.

What are the symptoms of intellectual impairment?

The symptoms of an intellectual disability may include:

  • Slow reading speed
  • Delayed learning
  • Difficulty with logic and reasoning
  • Distractibility
  • Problems focusing
  • Difficulty with problem-solving and planning
  • Problems with critical thinking and judgment
  • Reduced ability for self-care
  • Slower learning and development
  • Needing a caregiver
  • Trouble with appropriate social interactions
  • Lack of impulse control

Conditions that may occur with intellectual impairment include attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), mood or movement disorders, anxiety, and depression. 

How is intellectual impairment diagnosed?

Diagnosing an intellectual impairment involves a comprehensive evaluation of intelligence, mental health, IQ, development, and adaptive behavior capabilities. The Desert View Counseling & Consulting team may suggest lab testing to identify underlying causes of intellectual impairment. 

How is intellectual impairment treated?

Treating intellectual impairment at Desert View Counseling & Consulting may involve one or more of the following:

  • Education support interventions
  • Behavioral counseling and support
  • Family counseling
  • Vocational training
  • Medications
  • Community program referrals

If you or your loved one struggles with depression or anxiety, Desert View Counseling & Consulting offers Spravato® ketamine spray, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), medication management, and more. To find the best medication, the team offers genetic testing.

Schedule an in-person or telehealth intellectual impairment evaluation at Desert View Counseling & Consulting by calling the office or booking an appointment online today.